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Could some of the victims been saved? Did bureaucratic inertia assist the death machine? From "The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust 1941-1945" by David S. Wyman. Pantheon Books, 1985.

- United States immigration quotas were restricted in 1938 closing the door on European Jews.- In July 1941 New York Yiddish dailies published reports of Jewish massacres in Minsk, Brest-Litovsk, Lvov and other places.

- Mid-March 1942: A press conference was held in New York by S. Bertrand Jacobson, chief representative in Eastern Europe for relief activities of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. He estimated that 240,000 Jews had been massacred in the Ukraine alone.

- By the end of March 1942 the evacuation of Jews to concentration centers had begun with 52,000 of Czechoslovakia's 90,000 Jews carried off to Auschwitz.

- May 1942: Members of the Jewish Labor Bund in Poland compiled a report and transmitted it to the Polish government in London. They reported on the killing facility at Chelmno where the Nazis were experimenting with portable gassing vans. The report estimated that 700,000 Jews had already been killed.

- June 2, 1942: The BBC broadcast the essence of the report but did not emphasize that an extermination program was in effect.

- June 26, 1942: Probably the first American newspaper to carry the Bund Report was the Boston Globe at the bottom of page 12. The Seattle Times published much the same information on page 30.

- June 27, 1942: The New York Times briefly mentioned the 700,000 Jews murdered but did not mention the mobile gas chambers until July 2.

- August 1942: News confirming the existence of a plan for the systematic extermination of European Jewry reached the United States from Switzerland. State Department officials asked American Jewish leaders not to publicize the report until the government could confirm it. In late November the news was released to the press.

- August 1942: Dr. Gerhart Riegner, representative of the World Jewish Congress in Geneva, Switzerland, brought a report from reliable sources of the "final solution" the plan to kill all of Europe's Jews. The State Department considered it a "war rumor" and officials attempted to cut off the flow of extermination news from Switzerland.

- September 2, 1942: The Riegner report was confirmed by another source copies were sent to Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles. Welles told Jewish leaders that he was sure that the real purpose of the Nazis was to use Jews in connection with war work. He asked for the Riegner information to be withheld until official confirmation.

- September 3, 1942: The information was sent to both Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. No reaction was recorded.

- September and October 1942: In accordance with Welles' wishes, the news was kept from the press.

- September 23, 1942: A request was sent to the Vatican requesting information that might "verify" the reports. Three weeks later the response was that verification was not possible.

- November 24, 1942: Welles received undeniable proof that Hitler's headquarters had issued extermination orders. He called for Rabbi Stephen Wise and told him that his worst fears were confirmed but he (Welles) could not release the news to the press. Rabbi Wise called a press conference that very night.

- In an analysis of 19 major newspapers in the country, only five placed Rabbi Wise's shocking news on page 1 none of them prominently. Two of the 19 did not carry the report at all. Of the rabbi's November 25 news conference, only 10 reported on it at all and then on inconspicuous inside pages.