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The gold belonged to Ben Johnson, but history belonged to four of the fastest humans ever assembled in one dash for glory. The page in history Carl Lewis wanted, though, was gone in a 10-second burst of unbridled speed (See stories on D1).

At the same time, drug scandal sent the Bulgarian weightlifting team home, and disgrace cost the Korean Olympic Committee its president.Lewis' silver was the United States' 16th medal of the Games, and America picked up its 17th when Erich Buljung won the silver in men's air pistol behind Tanious Kiriakov of Bulgaria.

The Soviet Union led with 42 medals, 20 gold. East Germany had 37, 15 gold. Bulgaria had 18 medals, 7 gold, and the United States 17 medals, 6 gold.

Florence Griffith Joyner, Jackie Joyner-Kersee's sister-in-law, set an Olympic mark of 10.88 in her first 100-meter heat, then cranked off another record-breaker, 10.62 in the second heat.

"I'm ready for the final," she said.

Hristo Markov of Bulgaria, 1987 world champion, won the triple jump with an Olympic record of 57-91/2. Soviets Igor Lapchine and Alexander Kovalenko finished 2-3. American Willie Banks, who leaped an incredible 58-111/2 to better the world record in June, could do no better than 55-10.

On Friday, swimmer Hrdtin Otto of East Germany won her fourth gold medal, leading the Soviet bloc to a big day in Seoul. Saturday promised to be a big one for the West in swimming, and David Berkoff of Willow Grove, Pa., got it started with a world record.

The U.S. basketball team, however, got some bad news. Hersey Hawkins, college player of the year last season, is out for the Games with a strained knee. Hawkins was injured in the second half of Friday's 108-57 victory over China. Still, the Americans beat Egypt 102-35 to finish the preliminary round unbeaten.

The president of the Korean Olympic Committee, Kim Chong-ha, resigned his position because of the attack by Korean boxing coaches on a referee Thursday after one of their boxers lost a tough decision. Five Koreans were banned from the Olympics for their participation in the fight.

"As president of the Korean Olympic Committee and host of the 24th Olympic Games, I take full responsibility for the actions that took place at the gymnasium," Kim said. "I deeply regret this incident."

Kim also said Korean authorities were looking into possible legal action against the coaches and boxer involved.

Chinese divers took two of the top three spots halfway through qualifying for the women's springboard competition. Gao Min led with 224.82, followed by Irina Lachko of the Soviet Union and another Chinese, Li Qing. Kelly McCormick of Long Beach, Calif., was fifth.

Boxer Kenneth Gould of Rockford, Ill., meanwhile, won his second bout and America's seventh straight with a 5-0 decision over Alfred Addo Ankamah of Ghana in the 147-pound division. American boxers now have won eight of 10 fights.

The U.S. volleyball team, powered by the high-flying spikes of Steve Timmons, clinched a berth in the medal round with a 17-15, 15-6, 15-13 victory over France.

The Americans got their only gold Friday late in the day from Matt Biondi's 400 freestyle relay team. The medal was Biondi's third gold and fifth overall.

"It was maybe an off night for us," Biondi said, "but we've got some great days coming up at the end of the meet."

Biondi needs two more, and probably will get them, to become only the second man to win seven medals at a single Summer Games. Mark Spitz won seven swimming medals in 1972, all gold. Biondi's remaining races are the 50-meter freestyle Saturday evening and 400-meter relay medley Sunday.

Friday was the first day of track and field competition at the Games, and Mary Slaney, America's best middle distance runner but an Olympic washout, survived a nightmare flashback.

Someone clipped her heel near the finish "and my mind went back to 1984" when she fell and and ruined her duel with Zola Budd at Los Angeles. Still, she qualified fourth in her heat for the 3,000 on Sunday.

"It was a little bit scary," Slaney said. "It just made me think of L.A. for a second there."

The Soviets won two gold, one silver and two bronze on Friday, led by their women gymnasts, then added more gold from the men gymnasts on Saturday.

Sergei Kharkov won the floor exercise, and three men - Dmitri Bilozerchev of the Soviet Union, Zsolt Borkai of Hungary and Lyubomir Gueraskov of Bulgaria - all were given gold medals in the pommel horse after they all scored perfect 10s.

Bilozerchev and Holger Behrendt of East Germany shared the gold in the rings. Lou Yun of China stopped the Soviet run by winning the gold medal in the vault, but Soviets Vladimir Artemov and Valeri Lyukin came back to finish 1-2 in the parallel bars. Artemov and Lyukin finished in a tie for the gold on the high bar.

Elena Shushunova won the women's all-around title, assuming the mantle of the Summer Games' perfect 10 from Mary Lou Retton.

Daniela Silivas of Romania got 9.95 on her final discipline, the vault, opening the way for Shushunova. She needed a 10 to win, and she got it.