The U.S. Hispanic population has grown at about five times the rate of non-Hispanics since 1980 and totals 20 million, the Commerce Department says.
The department's latest census update says that total, as of March 1989, compares with about 14.5 million recorded in April 1980, for an increase of about 39 percent.Non-Hispanics totaled 223.6 million versus 208 million over the same period, a rise of about 7.5 percent.
Hispanics now account for 8.2 percent of the total domestic population, the Commerce release said.
From March 1982 to March 1989, it said, Mexicans led the growth of all Hispanic groups, numbering 12.6 million, followed by Central and South Americans (2.5 million), Puerto Ricans (2.3 million) and Cubans (1.1 million).
In that period, Mexicans in the U.S. population grew at a rate of 30.3 percent, Central and South Americans at 67.1 percent, Puerto Ricans at 13.5 percent and Cubans at 12.4 percent.
Regionally, nearly three-quarters of U.S. Hispanics are concentrated in California, Texas, New York and Florida.
California had 34 percent of the Hispanic population, Texas had 21 percent, New York 10 percent and Florida eight.
Illinois, with just 4 percent, had the smallest proportion of Hispanics in its population.