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Ten finalists for the 1989 National Book Award have been announced, the fiction list including a past winner and a first-time novelist, and the non-fiction nominees featuring works on public policy.

Neil Baldwin, executive director of the National Book Foundation, said the winners will be announced Nov. 29. Each will receive $10,000.Amy Tan's first novel, "The Joy Luck Club," scored big with the five-panel fiction jury for its sensitive portrayal of the intimacy and distance between two generations of Chinese-Americans in San Francisco.

E.L. Doctorow, the 1986 award-winner, received his fourth nomination for "Billy Bathgate," a account of a young New Yorker's apprenticeship with the notorious mobster Dutch Schultz.

Katherine Dunn's third novel, "Geek Love," deals with a troupe of freaks in a traveling carnival and is narrated by a humpbacked albino dwarf.

Oscar Hijuelos, born and educated in New York City, charts the growth of a pair of Cuban brothers who find a measure of fame in the nightclubs of New York in his second novel, "The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love."

John Casey's "Spartina" studies the ties that bind a man to his wife, mistress, family and boat.

Non-fiction nominees include three books dealing with American history, including Taylor Branch's "Parting the Waters," a first-volume on the civil rights movement. The others include an account of the Middle East conflict and a probe of England's environmental policies.

Last year's non-fiction finalists included four biographers, but none were selected this year.

The non-fiction finalists were three reporters, one fiction writer and a former national security adviser.

In addition to Branch, McGeorge Bundy, an adviser to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and now a history professor at New York University, was chosen for "Danger and Survival: Choices About the Bomb in the First Fifty Years," a political history of the nuclear bomb from its conception to today.

"From Beirut to Jerusalem," by Thomas Friedman, The New York Times's chief diplomatic corres-pondent, details his experiences as a reporter in the Middle East during the 1980s.

William Pfaff, an internationally syndicated columnist, was selected for "Barbarian Sentiments: How the American Century Ends," an analysis of the country's foreign policy since World War II.

Marilynne Robinson, whose first book was a novel, was nominated for "Mother Country," a look into England's role in the poisoning of its people and environment.