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Here is a list of the questions on the Census Bureau's 1990 short form, which will go to every household in the nation.

PERSONAL1. "List . . . the names of each person living here on Sunday, April 1. . . ."

Same question as 1980.

The first person listed, formerly known as the "head of household," has become the "householder" or "reference person." The choice of who to list first is entirely up to the individual filling out the form.

2. Asks how other residents are related to Person 1. Similar to the 1980 question.

Choices range from husbandwife to other relatives to not related. Spaces also offer such possibilities as roomerboarder, housemate, unmarried partner and other.

3. Asks each resident's sex. As in 1980, the choices are male and female.

4. Asks the race of each resident. This is similar to the 1980 question, offering such choices as "white;" "black or negro;" "Indian (American)," with a space to write in the tribe; "Eskimo;" "Aleut," and "Asian or Pacific Islander," with several checkoff boxes for Asian groups, as well as a write-in space for choices not listed.

5. Asks the age and year of birth of each resident. Similar to the 1980 question.

6. Asks the marital status of each resident. This is the same as in 1980 except that it drops the question about whether people have been married before and about whether that marriage ended because of the death of a spouse.

Choices include married, widowed, divorced, separated and never married.

7. Asks each resident if he is of SpanishHispanic origin?

Similar to the 1980 question.

Choices include no, yes-Mexican, yes-Puerto Rican, yes-Cuban and yes-other, with a write-in blank for detail.

The long form adds 26 personal questions, including ones dealing with state or country of birth, education, ancestry, military service, disability, employment, income and commuting habits.


H1. "Did you leave anyone out of your list of persons for Question 1 because you were not sure if the person should be listed. . . ."

Same as the 1980 question.

H2. "Which best describes this building?"

Similar to 1980, choices include such options as mobile home, one-family house or apartment building.

H3. "How many rooms do you have in this house or apartment?"

Same question as in 1980.

H4. Asks if the residence is owned or rented.

Similar to 1980 but adds a category to separate homeowners with mortgages from those whose mortgages are paid off.

Other choices include rented for cash and occupied without payment of rent.

H5. "Is this house on 10 or more acres?" and "Is there a business or medical office on this property?"

Similar to 1980, this questions separates farms and businesses from single-family dwellings. That way, the value of a farm, estate or commercial structure isn't calculated into average home prices.

H6. "What is the value of this property?"

Offers a series of checkoffs for people to evaluate their homes. Similar to 1980 except that in 1980 the top category was "$200,000 or more" and now the top is "$500,000 or more."

H7. "What is the monthly rent" and "Does the monthly rent include any meals?"

The first question is similar to 1980 but adds more categories. The top rent in 1980 was $500; now it's $1,000. The second question is new and is designed to gather information on special housing for the elderly, which often includes some meals in the rent.

The long form adds 19 housing questions, including ones dealing with the number of bedrooms and whether there are complete plumbing facilities.