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One of the nation's two republics Tuesday named a government dominated by non-Communists following rallies nationwide that denounced the Communists and demanded a new federal government.

The Czech republic's new government was the first of any kind in Czechoslovakia in 41 years that the Communists did not dominate.Hours after the regional government was named, an opposition delegation led by playwright Vaclav Havel met with Communist premier Ladislav Adamec to discuss how to meet popular demands for democracy by reshuffling the federal government.

The Czech republic's parliament accepted the resignations of 11 ministers in the regional government and sacked Communist deputy premier Jaroslav Tlapak, the state-run news agency CTK reported.

However, Communist Frantisek Pitra remained as premier of the regional government. The new 16-member Cabinet named to serve under him contains nine non-Communists - five non-party people and four from parties traditionally allied with the Communists but now playing a more independent role. Seven were Communists.

The Czech republic's actions could pave the way for similar changes in the federal government, as demanded by angry protesters opposed to the federal government named Sunday. That Cabinet contained only five non-Communists and left the Communists in all the key ministries.

As Adamec met with opposition leaders at the federal government building in Prague, about 2,000 students gathered outside and blocked access to it by building a giant wall of cardboard boxes and chanting, "Resign! Resign!"

More than 150,000 people jammed Prague's Wenceslas Square on Monday night and chanted the same slogan and demanded free elections by July.

"They must go!" the protesters roared in condemnation of the national Communist leadership. "They lied to us again!"

At least 50,000 people rallied in the Slovak capital of Bratislava Monday night and the state news agency CTK reported protests in the Bohemian city of Usti and Labem to the north, Gottwaldov to the east and Ostrova on the Polish border.


(Additional information)

Troop reduction?

The Soviet Union indicates it's ready to pull out some of the estimated 80,000 troops it has kept in Czechoslovakia since Soviet tanks spearheaded a 1968 invasion that crushed "Prague Spring" reforms.

The announcement by Tass came on the same day the Soviet Union and four other Warsaw Pact allies that took part in the invasion jointly denounced it.

The official Soviet news agency said Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze met Monday with Foreign Minister Jaromir Johanes of Czechoslovakia to discuss deployment of Soviet troops in the East bloc country.