Iraq must yield to the "supervised destruction" of its chemical weapons and pledge some portion of its future oil revenues to atone for the destruction of Kuwait as part of any permanent peace agreement to end the Persian Gulf war, President Bush and British Prime Minister John Major agreed Saturday.
The two conditions were part of a lengthy list of terms disclosed by the American and British leaders at a news conference after two hours of talks here, part of a series of consultations Bush has held with leaders of the anti-Iraq coalition over the past four days. Bush returns home Sunday after greeting returning troops in Sumter, S.C.The remarks by the two leaders were the most detailed public disclosure to date of the conditions that the U.S.-led coalition plans to insist upon in return for ending the economic sanctions against Iraq, yielding control of Iraqi territory seized in the fighting and putting a formal end to the war.
U.S. and British representatives are expected to put the new terms into a resolution to be considered by the U.N. Security Council, administration officials said. The Security Council could take up the resolution later this week, Major said.
"There's a good deal we need to see," Major said. "We do need to see, for example, the destruction of the chemical weapons." In addition, he added, Iraq will have to offer formal and permanent recognition of Kuwait's independence and sovereignty, agree to set aside some portion of oil revenues "to meet some of the loss and costs that have been incurred in Kuwait" and release all Kuwaiti detainees.
Bush, saying he agreed with Major's list, added that Iraq will also be required to agree to the presence of some form of international peacekeeping force to guard against renewed attacks on Kuwait.
An administration official said that British and American diplomats had agreed on the list of terms and had received general agreement on it from other members of the coalition and the Security Council.
The list would address the major concerns of several Middle Eastern states, including Kuwait's demand for war reparations and Israel's continuing concern about Iraq's chemical weapons capacity.
An agreement to set aside some of Iraq's oil revenue could be key to settling the reparations issue. Virtually all of Iraq's oil exports flow out of the country through two pipelines controlled by members of the anti-Iraq coalition - one goes through Saudi Arabia, the other through Turkey.
Bush also used the news conference to repeat his warnings to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein against the use of aircraft in suppressing rebellions against the Baghdad government.
Allied military intervention in Iraq to support anti-Hussein rebellions "would be going beyond our mandate," Bush said. Nonetheless, he added, Iraq must abide by agreements reached among military commanders to govern the current temporary cease-fire. Administration officials have said that those agreements bar Iraq from flying military aircraft or using helicopters except for transport purposes.