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CENSUS TALLIES FIRST COUNT OF INDIANS

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Cherokees and Navajos account for one-fourth of the American Indian population, the Census Bureau said Tuesday in its first count of tribal membership.

Most of the 542 tribes counted in the 1990 census have fewer than 1,000 members, the agency said.Only four have more than 100,000 members: the Cherokee, 308,132; Navajo, 219,198; Chippewa, 103,826; and Sioux, 103,255.

The tribe count covered 1.9 million American Indians. It didn't include subdivisions of the Eskimos and Aleuts.

In 1990, there were 57,152 Eskimos and 23,797 Aleuts in the United States.

The largest American Indian tribes are mainly in the West, where European settlement came late, or in Oklahoma, where some eastern tribes were forcibly moved to semi-autonomous homelands.

The 1990 census was the first in which the government tried to count the tribal membership of all American Indians. In previous censuses, the government estimated tribal membership.

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Data on Utah tribes

The population of American Indian tribes, either in Utah or with Utah members, with 1,000 or more members, from the 1990 census:

Tribe 1990 Population

Navajo 219,198

Paiute 11,142

Ute 7,273

Source: Associated Press