Armed civilians Monday barricaded roads and at least one person was killed, and many others wounded amid scattered gunfire in the capital of Bosnia-Hercegovina, witnesses said.
The death toll rose to five in ethnic violence in the past four days in the federated republic, a mix of Muslims, Serbs and Croats who held a weekend referendum on full independence from what is left of disintegrated Yugoslavia.Results of the voting were expected Tuesday, and an overwhelming result favoring independence was widely anticipated.
Voters in a neighboring republic of Montenegro also voted in a referendum Sunday. The choice was not full independence, however. Instead, the ballot asked if voters wanted to keep their present form of cooperation with Serbia and remain in Yugoslavia, which has already suffered defections by the republics of Croatia and Slovenia.
The leadership in Montenegro has traditionally been friendly to Serbia, the strongest republic in the Yugoslav federation.
In Bosnia-Hercegovina, the two-stage referendum, held Saturday and Sunday, was boycotted by Serbs who oppose the idea advocated by Muslims and Croats of converting the federated republic into an independent state. The Serbs prefer a Serb-dominated, truncated Yugoslav federation.
More than 20 road barricades were erected in and around Sarajevo, paralyzing city traffic and virtually cutting off the city from the rest of the republic.
"The barricades are in protest against the killing of a Serb Sunday in Sarajevo's Bascarsija," said a Serb manning a barricade at the Marijin Most bridge across the Mil-jacka River in the city's center. "We demand that culprits of the crime are brought to justice."
Sarajevo radio appealed to the city's 500,000 residents to remain calm and stay in their homes until the streets are cleared. School was canceled and parents were asked to keep their children home.
The radio listed 13 places where buses and trucks were placed as barricades, blocking public transportation.
Stores were without bread and milk and kiosks without newspapers Monday morning, the radio said.
The radio said there were shoot-ings at the barricade near School of Economy in downtown Sarajevo and in other places in the city. It warned people in nearby houses to stay away from windows.
One man was shot and killed at 1 a.m. Monday when a man inside a passing taxi fired at a Serb manning the blockade, witnesses said.
Officials at a Sarajevo emergency hospital said there were "many wounded" people who were admitted early Monday.
Representatives of the Serb-controlled Yugoslav federal army and political parties representing Muslims, Serbs and Croats met before dawn in a Sarajevo hotel to discuss the new violence, witnesses said.