Serbian forces in Bosnia are conducting a campaign of calculated cruelty against Muslims that "dwarfs anything seen in Europe since Nazi times," the State Department reported Tuesday.
Civilians are the primary targets of military action in the former Yugoslav republic, making a mockery of the Geneva Convention, the department said in its annual human rights report.By the end of 1992, more than 1.5 million people were displaced by the war, including an estimated one-half of the Muslim population, the report said.
All sides in the former Yugoslav republic are guilty of atrocities, but "the atrocities of the Croats and Bosnian Muslims pale in comparison to the sheer scale and calculated cruelty of the killings and other abuses committed by Serbian and Bosnian Serbian forces against Bosnian Muslims.
"The policy of driving out innocent civilians of a different ethnic or religious group from their homes, so-called ethnic cleansing, was practiced by Serbian forces in Bosnia on a scale that dwarfs anything seen in Europe since Nazi times," it said.
In China, meanwhile, the State Department found persistent torture and degrading treatment of prisoners.
The Chinese government's human rights practices have remained repressive, falling far short of internationally accepted norms, the department said. And the government has not accounted satisfactorily for the thousands of persons who were arrested during the 1989 pro-democracy demonstrations.