Indian forces are committing widespread human rights violations in Jammu-Kashmir, and U.S. officials should condemn India and threaten to reduce its financial aid, two human rights groups said.
"India's fight for Kashmir has become a war on the people" in which murder, rape and torture are the tactics, the U.S.-based Asia Watch and the Physicians for Human Rights said in their third and final report this year on the insurgency in Jammu-Kashmir.Since December 1989, more than 7,300 people have been killed in Jammu-Kashmir, where militants are fighting for independence from India. Because Jammu-Kashmir is the only state in largely Hindu India with a Muslim majority, some rebels want it to be annexed by Pakistan, a Muslim state.
Although the study also accuses militants of human rights abuses and condemns Pakistan for arming the guerrillas, it focuses on crimes being committed by Indian forces.
On Thursday, the United States and other major nations meet in Paris to decide how much more aid to give to India, and the human rights report says Jammu-Kashmir should be discussed there and influence future loans.
Asia Watch, which is based in New York and Washington, and Physicians for Human Rights, which is based in Boston, also urged the international community to condemn abuses by militants and to "press Pakistan to end its support of these abusive groups."
India's finance minister, Manmohan Singh, recently said his nation of 880 million people - one-third of them impoverished - needs to borrow $3 billion a year for the next three years to pay for all the industrial imports and crude oil it needs.