As members of the Church, we share the responsibility to provide the saving ordinances of the gospel for all who have lived - first for our own ancestors and then for others. Faithful performance of this duty allows us to share the joy our ancestors feel as they receive the opportunity to attain eternal life. Further, as we serve our brothers and sisters, we come to better understand and appreciate the meaning of the Savior's atonement in our own lives.
In the Church, doing family history work means identifying your ancestors and providing temple work for them. This is not a one-time service. You should participate in some aspect of this work throughout your life. However, you should not attempt to do everything at once. Decide what to do by prayerfully considering your circumstances, resources and abilities.- A Members Guide to Temple and Family History Work