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Lawrence R. Houston, a founding father of the Central Intelligence Agency, is dead at age 82.

Houston died of a heart attack Tuesday while vacationing at his summer home in Westport, Mass.In the late 1940s, Houston helped draft legislation that created and shaped the CIA, then served as the spy agency's general counsel from its founding in 1947 until his retirement in 1973.

Houston supervised the legal work for the exchange of Soviet intelligence officer Rudolph Abel for Francis Gary Powers, the U.S. pilot whose U-2 surveillance aircraft was shot down over the Soviet Union in 1960. He also supervised the exchange of medical supplies for prisoners of the ill-fated 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

CIA Director John M. Deutch described Houston as "one of the CIA's founding fathers and enduring legends."