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Fidel Castro's anti-U.S. rhetoric, less severe in recent years, is picking up again as he tries to ensure Cuba's citizens that his revolution is not faltering.

Such sentiment was evident Sunday, when the Cuban president renewed a hard-line posture that emerged during local elections early last month and in responses to efforts by exiles to hold protests in Cuban waters.Castro called the longtime U.S. trade embargo of the island "an incessant persecution of all commercial activity that the country tries to carry out" and claimed it would continue even if Cuba adopted capitalism.

He also said Cuba was under constant American surveillance.

"You can be sure that if a dog goes to the park for his necessities, the U.S. satellites observe it," he told more than 1,000 international supporters attending a "Cuba Lives" conference, the government's Prensa Latina news agency reported.

Castro has presided over recent market-style economic reforms meant to stave off economic crisis on the socialist island. But he said in the speech that "we do not like many of them."

The minister of economy and planning, Jose Luis Rodriguez, indicated some of the monetary measures might even be reversed.

The agency quoted Rodriguez as saying that measures such as one permitting free circulation of foreign currency in Cuba are temporary. He spoke of restoring a single currency to Cuba, which now effectively has three: the peso, a dollar-linked peso and the dollar itself.