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ONLINE DOCUMENT: TODAY IN HISTORY

Today is Wednesday, May 15, the 136th day of 1996. There are 230 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On May 15, 1972, Democratic presidential candidate George C. Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning at a Laurel, Md., shopping center. Wallace's assailant, Arthur Bremer, was sentenced to 63 years in prison, although the sentence was later reduced.

On this date:

In 1602, English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold came upon Cape Cod.

In 1886, poet Emily Dickinson died in Amherst, Mass.

In 1911, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Co., ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

In 1918, U.S. airmail began service between Washington, Philadelphia and New York.

In 1930, Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard a United Airlines flight between San Francisco and Cheyenne, Wyo.

In 1940, nylon stockings went on general sale for the first time in the United States.

In 1942, gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 states, limiting sales to three gallons a week for non-essential vehicles.

In 1948, hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.

In 1963, U.S. astronaut L. Gordon Cooper blasted off aboard Faith 7 on the final mission of the Project Mercury space program.

In 1970, Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green, two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi, were killed when police opened fire during student protests.

In 1988, the Soviet Union began withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan.

Ten years ago: Searchers on Oregon's Mount Hood found two teen-age survivors of a hiking expedition that became trapped in a whiteout blizzard. Nine other climbers died.

Five years ago: President Bush took Britain's Queen Elizabeth II to a baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Oakland Athletics. She left after two innings; the A's won, 6-3. French President Francois Mitterrand appointed Edith Cresson to be France's first female premier.

One year ago: Dow Corning Corp. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, citing potentially astronomical expenses from liability lawsuits.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Constance Cummings is 86. Singer Eddy Arnold is 78. Playwright Peter Shaffer is 70. Playwright Anthony Shaffer is 70. Playwright Paul Zindel is 60. Actress-singer Anna Maria Alberghetti is 60. Singer Trini Lopez is 59. Singer Lenny Welch is 58. Actress-singer Lainie Kazan is 56. Country singer K.T. Oslin is 54. Singer-songwriter Brian Eno is 48. Baseball player George Brett is 43. Actor Lee Horsley is 41.

Thought for Today: "People love to talk but hate to listen." - Alice Duer Miller, American author (1874-1942).