A federal judge has ended nearly two decades of court-ordered busing, saying that state and local officials have worked to eliminate school segregation.
U.S. Senior Circuit Judge Robert B. Krupansky said Wednesday that any segregation in the 72,000-pupil district was the result of housing patterns in Cleveland and not official policy.The district's compliance with the busing plan, Krupansky wrote, "stands as an unequivocal manifestation of their good-faith efforts to desegregate the Cleveland school district."
The district's black enrollment has climbed to 70 percent, from 63 percent in 1978.
Black students and parents sued the school district in 1973, charging that an official policy of segregation had left minority youngsters with second-class schools. Three years later, a judge found that the district fostered segregation and placed it under court supervision. A desegregation busing plan began in 1979.
Krupansky's order halts busing but keeps intact other components of the order - including racial quotas for school staffs and a requirement for magnet schools to attract a diverse student body and improve student performance.