Today is Thursday, Oct. 16, the 289th day of 1997. There are 76 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 16, 1962, the Cuban missile crisis began as President Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
On this date:
In 1793, during the French Revolution, Queen Marie Antoinette was beheaded.
In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a group of about 20 men in a raid on Harper's Ferry.
In 1916, Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic, in New York City.
In 1946, ten Nazi war criminals condemned during the Nuremberg trials were hanged.
In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.
In 1970, Anwar Sadat was elected president of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser.
In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II
In 1991, a deadly shooting rampage took place in Killeen, Texas, as George Hennard crashed his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and opened fire, killing 23 people before taking his own life.
In 1995, a vast throng of black men gathered in Washington D.C. for the "Million Man March" led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
Ten years ago: A 581/2-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well. In the Persian Gulf, an Iranian missile hit a re-flagged Kuwaiti ship in the first direct attack on the tanker fleet guarded by the U.S.
Five years ago: The Nobel Peace prize was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who spoke on behalf of indigenous people and victims of government repression.
One year ago: Republican Bob Dole challenged President Clinton's ethics and honesty in their final debate. Soccer fans trying to squeeze into Mateo Flores National Stadium in Guatemala City stampeded, killing 84 people.
Today's Birthdays: Actress Angela Lansbury is 72. Former presidential adviser Charles W. Colson is 66. Actor Barry Corbin is 57. Rock musician C.F. Turner (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 54. Actress Suzanne Somers is 51. Rock singer-musician Bob Weir (the Grateful Dead, Ratdog) is 50. Producer-director David Zucker is 50. Actor-director Tim Robbins is 39. Musician Gary Kemp (Spandau Ballet) is 37. Rock musician Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 35. Singer Wendy Wilson (Wilson Phillips) is 28. Rapper B-Rock (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 26. Actress Kellie Martin is 22.
Thought for Today: "I do not prize the word cheap. It is not a badge of honor ... it is a symbol of despair. Cheap prices make for cheap goods; cheap goods make for cheap men; and cheap men make for a cheap country!" - President William McKinley (1843-1901).