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Online Document: Today In History

Today is Sunday, Oct. 19, the 292nd day of 1997. There are 73 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 19, 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, amid frenzied selling, plunged 508 points - its biggest-ever one-day decline.

On this date:

In 1765, the Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.

In 1781, British troops under Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Va., as the American Revolution neared its end.

In 1812, French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.

In 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked Union forces at Cedar Creek, Va.; the Union troops were able to rally and defeat the Confederates.

In 1944, the Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service.

In 1950, United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

In 1951, President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.

In 1977, the body of West German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped by left-wing extremists, was found in the trunk of a car in Mulhouse, France.

In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.

Ten years ago: U.S. warships destroyed two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in retaliation for an Iranian missile attack on a U.S.-flagged tanker off Kuwait.

Five years ago: President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Mich.

One year ago: President Clinton said in his radio address that states would lose a percentage of federal highway aid if they did not bar young people from drinking and driving. In the Republican radio address, Bob Dole claimed credit for putting Democrats on the defensive over their acceptance of foreign political contributions.

Today's Birthdays: Former ambassador to Russia Robert S. Strauss is 79. Actress LaWanda Page is 77. Actor George Nader is 76. Columnist Jack Anderson is 75. Author John le Carre is 66. Artist Peter Max is 60. Actor John Lithgow is 52. National Organization for Women President Patricia Ireland is 52. Singer Jeannie C. Riley is 52. Talk show host Charlie Chase is 45. Rock singer-musician Karl Wallinger (World Party) is 40. Singer Jennifer Holliday is 37. Rock singer-musician Todd Park Mohr (Big Head Todd and the Monsters) is 32. Amy Carter is 30. Rock singer Pras Michel (The Fugees) is 25. Actor Omar Gooding ("Smart Guy," "Hangin' with Mr. Cooper") is 21. Actor Benjamin Salisbury ("The Nanny") is 17.

Thought for Today: "If there is no Hell, a good many preachers are obtaining money under false pretenses." - Attributed to William A. "Billy" Sunday, American baseball player turned evangelist (1862-1935).