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Online Document: Today In History

Today is Thursday, Oct. 2, the 275th day of 1997. There are 90 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; he was the first black appointed to the nation's highest court.

On this date:

In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y.

In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers defeated a Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.

In 1869, political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India.

In 1890, comedian Groucho Marx was born in New York.

In 1919, President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.

In 1941, German armies began Operation Typhoon - an all-out drive against Moscow.

In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the 2-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter-million people were killed.

In 1950, the comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz, was first published in nine newspapers.

In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.

In 1985, actor Rock Hudson died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 59 after a battle with AIDS.

In 1990, the Senate voted 90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the Supreme Court.

Ten years ago: On Capitol Hill, more Democratic senators lined up against Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork as President Reagan continued to lobby undecided lawmakers on behalf of his candidate for the high court.

Five years ago: The campaigns of President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton agreed to hold three presidential debates and one vice-presidential debate.

One year ago: Mark Fuhrman was given three years' probation and fined $200 after pleading no contest to perjury for denying at O.J. Simpson's criminal trial that he had used a certain racial slur in the past decade. An AeroPeru Boeing 757 crashed into the Pacific Ocean, killing all 61 passengers and nine crew members on board.

Today's Birthdays: Country singer-musician Leon Rausch (Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys) is 70. Former Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is 65. Movie critic Rex Reed is 59. Singer-songwriter Don McLean is 52. Cajun/country singer Jo-el Sonnier is 51. Actor Avery Brooks is 49. Country singer Chris LeDoux is 49. Rock musician Mike Rutherford (Genesis, Mike & the Mechanics) is 47. Singer-actor Sting is 46. Rock singer Phil Oakley (The Human League) is 42. Rhythm-and-blues singer Freddie Jackson is 39. Rock musician Bud Graugh (Sublime) is 30. Rhythm-and-blues singer Dion Allen (Az Yet) is 27. Singer Tiffany is 26. Rhythm-and-blues singer LaTocha Scott (Xscape) is 24.

Thought for Today: "The role of a do-gooder is not what actors call a fat part." - Margaret Halsey, American writer.