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Online Document: Today In History

Today is Monday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 1997. There are 65 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 27, 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the U.S. Constitution, was published in a New York newspaper.

On this date:

In 1795, the United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo (also known as Pinckney's Treaty), which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River.

In 1858, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, was born in New York City.

In 1880, Theodore Roosevelt married Alice Lee.

In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, opened in New York City.

In 1914, author-poet Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales.

In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: nylon.

In 1947, "You Bet Your Life," starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. (It later became a television show on NBC.)

In 1954, Walt Disney's first television program, titled "Disneyland" after his yet-to-be completed theme park, premiered on ABC.

In 1967, Expo `67 closed in Montreal.

In 1978, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.

Ten years ago: South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, establishing direct presidential elections and other democratic reforms. Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson, a hostage in Lebanon, spent his 40th birthday in captivity.

Five years ago: The government reported that the U.S. gross domestic product grew at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2.7 percent in the third quarter of 1992. Friends of Queen Elizabeth II staged an elaborate celebration for the 40th anniversary of her ascension to the British throne.

One year ago: U.S. envoy Dennis Ross shuttled between Jerusalem and the Palestinians' Gaza Strip headquarters, trying to finesse a deal to start an overdue Israeli withdrawal from Hebron.

Today's Birthdays: Former "Tonight Show" executive producer Frederick DeCordova is 87. Actress Teresa Wright is 79. Actress Nanette Fabray is 77. Baseball Hall-of-Famer and sportscaster Ralph Kiner is 75. Actress Ruby Dee is 73. Former Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher is 72. Pianist Floyd Cramer is 64. Actor-comedian John Cleese is 58. Country singer Lee Greenwood is 55. Actress Carrie Snodgress is 51. Rock musician Garry Tallent (Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band) is 48. Author Fran Lebowitz is 47. Actress and TV personality Jayne Kennedy-Overton is 46. Actor Peter Firth is 44. Singer Simon Le Bon is 39. Rock singer Scott Weiland (Stone Temple Pilots) is 30.

Thought for Today: "If men were angels, no government would be necessary." - President James Madison (1751-1836).