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Online Document: Today In History

Today is Wednesday, Oct. 29, the 302nd day of 1997. There are 63 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 29, 1929, Black Tuesday descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's Great Depression began.

On this date:

In 1682, the founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn, landed at what is now Chester, Pa.

In 1901, President McKinley's assassin, Leon Czolgosz, was electrocuted.

In 1911, American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer died in Charleston, S.C.

In 1923, the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed.

In 1940, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson drew the first number - 158 - in America's first peacetime military draft.

In 1947, former first lady Frances Cleveland Preston died in Baltimore at age 83.

In 1956, during the Suez Canal crisis, Israel launched an invasion of Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.

In 1956, "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" premiered as NBC's nightly television newscast, replacing "The Camel News Caravan."

In 1964, thieves made off with the Star of India and other gems from the American Museum of Natural History in New York. (The Star and most of the other gems were recovered; three men were convicted of stealing them.)

In 1966, the National Organization for Women was founded.

In 1967, the counter-culture musical "Hair" opened off-Broadway.

Ten years ago: Following the confirmation defeat of Robert H. Bork to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, President Reagan announced his choice of Douglas H. Ginsburg, a nomination that fell apart over revelations of Ginsburg's past marijuana use. Jazz great Woody Herman died in Los Angeles at age 74.

Five years ago: A New York City jury acquitted 17-year-old Lemrick Nelson of murdering Yankel Rosenbaum, an Australian Hasidic scholar who was killed in rioting that erupted in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn in August 1991 following the traffic death of a black child who was hit by a Hasidic driver. (In February 1997, a jury convicted Nelson and Charles Price of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights.)

One year ago: Hundreds of thousands of New York Yankees fans participated in an enormous blue-and-white ticker-tape parade for the World Series champions.

Today's Birthdays: Country singer Lee Clayton is 55. Rock musician Denny Laine is 53. Singer Melba Moore is 52. Actor Richard Dreyfuss is 50. Actress Kate Jackson is 49. Sen. Dirk Kempthorne, R-Idaho, is 46. Singer Randy Jackson is 36. Rock musician Peter Timmins (Cowboy Junkies) is 32. Actress Joely Fisher is 30. Rapper Paris is 30. Rock singer SA (311) is 27. Actress Winona Ryder is 26.

Thought for Today: "If I have done any deed worthy of remembrance, that deed will be my monument. If not, no monument can preserve my memory." - Agesilaus II, King of Sparta (c.444-360 B.C.)