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Online Document: Today In History

Today is Thursday, Oct. 30, the 303rd day of 1997. There are 62 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 30, 1938, the radio play that panicked the nation, "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS.

On this date:

In 1735, the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Mass.

In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress, with Graham in a leading role.

In 1945, the U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing.

In 1953, Gen. George C. Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Albert Schweitzer received the Peace Prize for 1952.

In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb with a force estimated at 58 megatons.

In 1961, the Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.

In 1972, 45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with another train in Chicago's South Side.

In 1974, Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain his world heavyweight title.

In 1979, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.

Ten years ago: President Reagan announced that Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would visit Washington the following December for a summit, during which the two leaders would sign a treaty banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles.

Five years ago: Iran-Contra special prosecutor Lawrence E. Walsh released an excerpt of notes taken by former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in January 1986 which suggested then-Vice President Bush was fully aware of the Reagan administration's arms-for-hostages deal with Iran. (Bush said despite the notes, he was not aware until December 1986 that the arrangement was an actual arms-for-hostages swap.)

One year ago: After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to 11 years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the Chinese government."

Today's Birthdays: Actor Hamilton Camp is 63. Movie director Claude Lelouch is 60. Rock singer Grace Slick is 58. Songwriter Eddie Holland is 58. Actor Ed Lauter is 57. Actor Henry Winkler is 52. Actor Harry Hamlin is 46. Actor Charles Martin Smith is 44. Country singer T. Graham Brown is 43. Actor Kevin Pollak is 39. Rock singer Joey Belladonna (Anthrax) is 37. Rock singer-musician Jerry DeBorg (Jesus Jones) is 34. Rock singer-musician Gavin Rossdale (Bush) is 30. Actress Nia Long is 27.

Thought for Today: "It may be necessary temporarily to accept a lesser evil, but one must never label a necessary evil as good." - Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (1901-1978).