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Online Document: Today in history

Today is Sunday, Oct. 5, the 278th day of 1997. There are 87 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:Fifty years ago, on Oct. 5, 1947, in the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe.

On this date:

In 1830, the 21st president of the United States, Chester Arthur, was born in Fairfield, Vt.

In 1892, the Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kan.

In 1921, the World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time.

In 1937, saying, "the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading," President Roosevelt called for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations.

In 1953, Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson.

In 1955, a stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.

In 1962, the Beatles' first hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.

In 1986, American Eugene Hasenfus was captured by Sandinista soldiers after the weapons plane he was flying in was shot down over southern Nicaragua.

In 1990, a jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.

Ten years ago: Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork suffered new setbacks as Senate Democratic Leader Robert Byrd and Republican Sens. Lowell P. Weicker Jr. of Connecticut and John H. Chafee of Rhode Island declared they were opposed to his confirmation.

Five years ago: Both houses of Congress voted to override President Bush's veto of a measure to re-regulate cable television companies.

One year ago: Already under fire for his drug policies, President Clinton revealed that a secret FBI memorandum said the government's anti-drug strategy "had never been properly organized." Clinton argued that the problems predated his administration.

Today's Birthdays: "Family Circus" cartoonist Bil Keane is 75. Actress Glynis Johns is 74. Comedian Bill Dana is 73. Actress Diane Cilento is 64. The president of the Czech Republic, Vaclav Havel, is 61. Country singer Johnny Duncan is 59. Rhythm-and-blues singer Arlene Smith (the Chantels) is 56. Singer Richard Street (formerly of the Temptations) is 55. Singer-musician Steve Miller is 54. Actor Jeff Conaway is 47. Actress Karen Allen is 46. Writer-producer-director Clive Barker is 45. Rock singer and famine-relief organizer Bob Geldof is 43. Rock singer-musician Dave Dederer (Presidents of the United States of America) is 33.

Thought for Today: "I have always noticed that deeply and truly religious persons are fond of a joke, and I am suspicious of those who aren't." - Alfred North Whitehead, English philosopher and mathematician (1861-1947).