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Online Document: Today in history

Today is Thursday, Oct. 9, the 282nd day of 1997. There are 83 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:On Oct. 9, 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.

On this date:

In 1635, religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

In 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut - later Yale University - was chartered in New Haven.

In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.

In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field in New York to Glendale, Calif.

In 1936, the first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.

In 1946, the Eugene O'Neill drama "The Iceman Cometh" opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.

In 1958, Pope Pius XII died, 19 years after he was elevated to the papacy.

In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia.

In 1975, Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1985, the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt.

Ten years ago: Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork, his rejection by the Senate a virtual certainty, angrily told reporters he would not ask that his nomination be withdrawn. Author, politician and diplomat Clare Boothe Luce died in Washington at age 84.

Five years ago: The U.N. Security Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina. The 102nd Congress adjourned.

One year ago: Vice President Al Gore and Jack Kemp debated in St. Petersburg, Fla. Two Americans and a Briton shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry while three Americans won the physics prize. In the opening game of the American League Championship series, 12-year-old Jeffrey Maier turned a probable fly out into a game-tying home run by reaching over the right-field wall at Yankee Stadium and sweeping the ball into the stands with his baseball glove (the Yankees won, 5-to-4 in 11 innings).

Today's Birthdays: Actor Fyvush Finkel ("Picket Fences") is 74. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, R-Miss., is 56. Rock musician John Entwistle (The Who) is 53. Singer Jackson Browne is 49. Actor Robert Wuhl ("Arliss") is 46. Musician James Fearnley (The Pogues) is 43. Actor Scott Bakula is 42. Actor Michael Pare is 38. Rock singer-musician Kurt Neumann (The BoDeans) is 36. Country singer Gary Bennett (BR5-49) is 33. Singer P.J. Harvey is 28. Sean Lennon is 22. Actor Randy Spelling ("Sunset Beach") is 19. Actor Zachery Ty Bryan ("Home Improvement") is 16.

Thought for Today: "The world is divided into people who think they are right." - Anonymous.