clock menu more-arrow no yes

Filed under:

Nagano: Japan's Winter Games

Alpine skiing

The course

Downhill and super-G are highspeed events where racers run a vertical course with a few control gates to direct skiers away from dangerous areas and reduce their speed.

Downhill: 1-event run

Men Women

Course length 2,923 m 2,654 m

Vertical drop 840 m 781 m

Super giant slalom: 1-event run

Men Women

Course length 2,423 m 2,080 m

Vertical drop 650 m 587 m

The course

Courses are marked wtih several control gates and poles that racers must zigzag through in the proper order. Giant slalom combines both downhill and slalom - gates are wider apart than in a slalom course.

Giant slalom: 2-event run

Men Women

Course length 1,487 m 1,329 m

Vertical drop 430 m 393 m

Slalom: 2-event run

Men Women

Course length 607 m 530 m

Vertical drop 220 m 200 m

*****

Figure skating

Men's and ladies' singles, pair skating and ice dancing are the four Olympic figure skating events.

Spin

Singles skating must have a minimum of three spins of a different nature. One must be a spin combination and one a flying spin. Here's a sample of spins:

Camel Spin

Sit Spin

Layback Spin

Jump

The axel, named after Norwegian skater Axel Paulsen, is the most difficult jump. Skater begins on the outside edge of one skate, picks up speed, and jumps forward and up, spinning two to three times in the air, landing on the outside edge of the other skate.

Marks

Scores for the various phases of the competition will be judged on a scale of 0-6, defined as:

0 - not skated

1 - bad, very poor

2 - poor

3 - average

4 - good

5 - excellent

6 - perfect

Decimals to one place are permitted as further intermediate values

*****

Hockey

The rink

30 m by 60 m

Right wing Right defense

Center Goalkeeper

Left wing Left defense

Fourteen men's and six women's hockey teams will be competing. Women's hockey rules differ from men's in that no checking is allowed, which makes their skating, passing and stick handling that much more important.

Basic rules

Offside (blue line offside)

Play is ruled offside if a player enters the attacking zone before the puck.

Center line pass (offside pass)

Player cannot shoot puck from within one's own defense zone across the center line to a teammate on the other side.

Icing

Player cannot shoot puck from behind the center line to a point beyond the opponent's goal line.

*****

Winter Olympic medals

won by the United States

Event

SPORT GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL LAST MEDAL

Biathlon (M) 0 0 0 0 None

Biathlon (W) 0 0 0 0 None

Bobsled (M) 5 4 5 14 1956 - bronze

Figure Skating (M) 6 3 4 13 1992 - silver

Figure Skating (W) 5 6 6 17 1994 - silver

Figure Skating (M&W)* 0 3 4 7 1988 - bronze

Ice Hockey (M) 2 5 1 8 1980 - gold

Luge (M) 0 0 0 0 None

Luge (W) 0 0 0 0 None

Skeleton Cresta** 1 2 0 3 1928 - gold, silver

Skiing/Alpine (M) 3 4 1 8 1994 - gold, silver

Skiing/Alpine (W) 6 9 3 18 1994 - gold, silver

Skiing/Freestyle (M) 0 0 1 1 1992 - silver

Skiing/Freestyle (W) 1 1 0 2 1994 - silver

Skiing/Nordic (M) 0 1 1 2 1976 - silver

Skiing/Nordic (W) 0 0 0 0 None

Speed Skating/Long (M) 15 7 3 25 1994 - gold

Speed Skating/Long (W) 8 8 6 22 1994 - 3 gold

Speed Skating/Short (M) 0 1 0 1 1994 - silver

Speed Skating/Short (W) 2 1 2 5 1994 - gold, 2 bronze

NOTE:

- Snowboarding, curling and women's ice hockey are the new sports added for 1998.

- *Men's and women's figure skating includes ice dancing and pairs events.

- **Skeleton cresta run is a discontinued Olympic event.

Site

YEAR SITE GOLD SILVER BRONZE TOTAL

1924 Chamonix, France 1 2 1 4

1928 St. Mortiz, Switzerland 3 2 2 7

1932 Lake Placid, N.Y. 6 4 2 12

1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany 1 0 3 4

1948 St. Moritz, Switzerland 3 4 2 9

1952 Oslo, Norway 4 6 1 11

1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy 2 3 2 7

1960 Squaw Valley, Calif. 3 4 3 10

1964 Innsbruck, Austria 1 2 4 7

1968 Grenoble, France 1 5 1 7

1972 Sapporo, Japan 3 2 3 8

1976 Innsbruck, Austria 3 3 4 10

1980 Lake Placid, N.Y. 6 4 2 12

1984 Sarajevo, Yugoslavia 4 4 0 8

1988 Calgary, Canada 2 1 3 6

1992 Albertville, France 5 4 2 11

1994 Lillehammer, Norway 6 5 2 13

TOTALS 54 55 37 146