GENEVA — An estimated 5.3 million people, including 600,000 children under age 15, were infected with HIV/AIDS this year, the World Health Organization said on Friday.
This is the first year that the number of new infections in sub-Saharan Africa appeared to have stabilized, but that was offset by increases in morbidity — the rate the disease was contracted — and mortality in the same region during 2000.
An estimated 3.8 million people in the region were newly infected with HIV last year, as opposed to a total of 4 million there during 1999. The region is home to about one-tenth of the world's population but remains the world's hardest-hit. Not only did it account for 72 percent of new HIV infections last year, but the region also had 70 percent of the people living with HIV/AIDS and 80 percent of the AIDS deaths in the past year, according to WHO's Weekly Epidemiological Record.
Worldwide, a total of 36.1 million adults and children are estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS. The adults are split almost equally between men and women, with an estimated 18.2 million men aged between 15 and 49 living with the fatal disease, the U.N. health agency said. It said that the decline in AIDS cases in industrialized countries is being offset by the increases in reports from developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa.
In the two decades since the pandemic disease was recognized, an estimated 21.8 million adults and children have died from the disease. Of those, an estimated 3 million died this year. The numbers of women dying have continued to increase, accounting for an estimated 52 percent of such adult deaths this year, the WHO said.
The disease continues to claim new victims in all parts of the world, including industrialized countries, the report said. Thousands of people continue to become infected in North America, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, although the availability of retroviral therapy continues to slow progression of HIV to full-blown AIDS and death, the agency said.
Overall, the number of new HIV infections in these countries "has remained relatively constant over the past few years," it said. WHO statistics showed that the United States and Canada had an estimated 920,000 people living with HIV/AIDS, with approximately 45,000 new cases this year