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Chronology: Arafat, Barak hope to seal treaty at peace summit

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JERUSALEM — Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat will hold intensive negotiations at the U.S.-sponsored Camp David summit starting on Tuesday to try to seal a final peace treaty.

If they manage to resolve disputes over the fate of Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, borders and Jewish settlements, the deal will cap a seven-year peacemaking drive which began with an interim deal sealed in secret in Oslo in 1993.

Here is a list of key peace moves:

September 13, 1993. Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation sign a peace deal on the White House lawn after decades as sworn enemies and seal it with a handshake between Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat.

Known as the Oslo accord, the deal is an outline for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from parts of the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank. Palestinians view it as a formula for statehood after years of foreign rule, exile and dispossession.

May 4, 1994. Israel and the PLO sign the Gaza-Jericho deal giving limited self-rule to the two million Palestinians living under occupation and committing Israel to pull its troops out of most of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank town of Jericho.

The deal, signed in Cairo after a late hitch, clears the way for Arafat's return in July 1994 from a life in exile.

September 28, 1995. At a White House ceremony delayed by last-minute squabbling, Israel and the PLO sign an accord for the staged withdrawal of most Israeli troops from their 28-year occupation of the West Bank.

The 400-page deal, known as Oslo II, gives self-rule to Palestinians in the cities of Bethlehem, Jenin, Nablus, Qalqilya, Ramallah, Tulkarm, parts of Hebron, and 450 villages, but allows Israeli-guarded Jewish settlements to remain.

January 15, 1997. A deal Palestinians sign with the government of right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu clears the way for the long-delayed handover of 80 percent of Hebron to Palestinian rule.

It provides for three more handovers of rural West Bank land and a series of reciprocal commitments. The U.S.-brokered Hebron deal constitutes an ideological about-face for Netanyahu, who had always opposed the land-for-peace formula.

October 23, 1998. Arafat, Netanyahu and U.S. President Bill Clinton hold a nine-day summit at Wye River near Washington that ends with a White House signing of a land-for-security peace deal.

The agreement foresees a phased Israeli withdrawal from 13 percent of the West Bank in exchange for Palestinian security measures. Netanyahu freezes the deal two months later, saying Palestinians failed to meet their security commitments.

September 13, 1999. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who defeated Netanyahu in May elections on a promise to accelerate peace moves, signs a deal with Arafat at Egypt's Sharm el-Sheikh resort agreeing to carry out a modified version of the Wye River deal. The deal sets a September 13, 2000, deadline for a final peace treaty.

July 11, 2000. U.S. President Bill Clinton invites Barak and Arafat to an intensive summit at the Camp David presidential retreat near Washington to try to resolve the thorniest disputes at the heart of the conflict to allow the sides to meet the September deadline. Arafat, Barak and Clinton all say they are not sure the summit will yield results.

Palestinians say they intend to establish an independent state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip this year regardless of whether an agreement is reached. Israeli officials say Israel will unilaterally annex parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip if the Palestinians unilaterally declare statehood. Israeli intelligence officials say are expecting widespread clashes with the Palestinians if the Camp David summit fails.