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Belarusian voters toss term limits

Referendum will let leader seek a new term in 2006

Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko casts his ballot in Minsk. Opposition figures say the vote was rigged.
Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko casts his ballot in Minsk. Opposition figures say the vote was rigged.
Belarus Presidential Service, Associated Press

MINSK, Belarus — Belarusians overwhelmingly approved a referendum on scrapping presidential term limits, the Central Elections Commission announced Monday, allowing the authoritarian leader of this ex-Soviet republic to seek a new term in 2006.

Opposition figures claimed that Sunday's vote was rigged in order to allow Alexander Lukashenko, often branded as Europe's last dictator, to stay in power. He has led the nation of 10 million since 1994.

Central Elections Commission Chairwoman Lidiya Ermoshina announced early Monday that the preliminary tally of all the ballots showed more than 77 percent of the voters approved dropping the term limits and that nationwide turnout was nearly 90 percent.

"It is a convincing victory. I consider it an elegant victory," Ermoshina said.

Controversy arose after a government-endorsed exit poll showing the measure passing was released while the polls were still open. Under Belarusian law, exit poll results cannot be announced until voting is over to avoid influencing those who haven't cast their ballots.

State television broadcast the exit poll results throughout Sunday, and Ermoshina insisted that the election law had not been violated.

The European Union and the United States had previously expressed strong doubts that Sunday's vote, in which Belarusians also cast ballots to fill the largely powerless 110-seat House of Representatives, would meet democratic standards. Results of the legislative election were not expected until later Monday.

Lukashenko, 50, whose second term expires in September 2006, has not said whether he would run again, but he is widely seen as wanting to hold on to power.

He has led the nation on an anti-West, isolationist path since he was first elected president in 1994. Washington and the 25-nation EU have refused to recognize Belarus' previous parliamentary and presidential elections, saying they were neither free nor fair.

"Turn to your own problems and resolve those," Lukashenko said to Western countries on Sunday. "You don't need to worry so much about us."

Lukashenko's government has cracked down on dissent, harassed the opposition and the independent media, maintained an inefficient Soviet-style central economy and has been suspected of involvement in the disappearance of four opposition figures.

At a polling station in Minsk, many early voters expressed dismay at Lukashenko's move to stay in power by changing the constitution.

"I saw them on television every night telling me to be a patriot and make the right choice," said Nikolai Glozkov, 40. "I am a patriot, but right now our country is standing in place and not moving forward, so I voted against."

Yulia, a 42-year-old woman who declined to give her last name, cast a "yes" vote in the village of Zhukov Lug. "We support Lukashenko. Why shouldn't we? Life is getting better," she said.

The opposition, which brought together anti-Lukashenko Communists and liberals, saw some 40 percent of its candidates stripped from the ballots. Opposition leaders said their observers were barred from some voting stations and denied the right to ensure no one tampered with ballot boxes from pre-election day voting.

A journalist for Russia's Channel One television, who had co-authored a book critical of Lukashenko, also was found badly beaten at a Minsk hospital late Sunday, hours after police detained him amid accusations that he attacked two people outside a cafe, said opposition journalist Svetlana Kalinkina.

The journalist, Pavel Sheremet, previously worked in Belarus' opposition media and spent months in jail for his reporting. The Interfax news agency cited Interior Minister Vladimir Naumov as saying he was detained Sunday for hooliganism, but Kalinkina said he was attacked.