MASSACHUSETTS — The Legislature, which in March passed a proposed amendment to the state constitution that would ban gay marriages but legalize civil unions, will again take up the proposed amendment in the 2005-06 session. If approved again, it would be on the November 2006 ballot.

WASHINGTON — Republicans in Congress, backed by President Bush, may seek a vote on a proposed constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage nationwide. To be ratified, such a measure must be approved by 37 state legislatures, but first would need backing from two-thirds of both the House and Senate.

THE STATES — Utah and at least five other states will have items on their ballots this fall proposing to amend their state constitutions to strengthen bans on gay marriage. The five other states are Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri and Oklahoma.

THE COURTS — Lawsuits have been filed in several states on behalf of gays seeking the right to marry, and more lawsuits are likely to arise on behalf of couples married in Massachusetts who want their unions recognized elsewhere. One challenge already has been filed in Florida to the federal Defense of Marriage Act, which denies federal recognition of gay marriages. In addition, a federal appeals court will hold a hearing in June on the Massachusetts high court ruling legalizing gay marriages. And the case could wind up before the U.S. Supreme Court.