A Russian American journalist was ordered Friday to be detained for another three days on charges of failing to register as a foreign agent, Russian media reported. On Monday, her detention was extended until December 5, reports the Wall Street Journal.

Alsu Kurmasheva, an editor for the U.S. government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, appeared in court on Friday in the central Russian city of Kazan, according to the state news agency Tass.

Kurmasheva, who lives in Prague, was stopped June 2 at Kazan International Airport after traveling to Russia for a family emergency May 20, according to Radio Free Europe.

Airport officials confiscated her U.S. and Russian passports and she was fined $103 earlier this month for failing to register her U.S. passport, reports Reuters. She was waiting for her passports to be returned when the new charge was filed Wednesday, reports The Associated Press. She could face up to five years in prison for the new charges.

According to Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Kurmasheva is suspected of failing “to fulfill the obligation established by the legislation of the Russian Federation to submit to the authorized body documents necessary for inclusion in the register of foreign agents, committed by a person carrying out the targeted collection of information in the field of military, military-technical activities of the Russian Federation, whose receipt by foreign sources can be used against the security of the Russian Federation.”

RFE/RL said that Kurmasheva had been covering ethnic minority communities in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan, two Russian regions where groups of people have sought greater autonomy from Moscow.

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“We are concerned by the decision to prolong Alsu’s detention,” RFE/RL acting President Jeffrey Gedmin said. “Journalism is not a crime.” Additionally, he said, “Alsu is a highly respected colleague, devoted wife and dedicated mother to two children. She needs to be released so she can return to her family immediately.”

“The persecution of Alsu Kurmasheva is an example of the relentless crackdown on journalism and the right to freedom of expression in Russia,” said Marie Struthers, Amnesty International’s director for Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

“It also marks an alarming escalation in the harassment of media professionals, as it’s the first time this offense has been used to directly target a journalist for their professional activities, putting her at risk of a five-year imprisonment.”

The U.N. Human Rights Office, the Committee to Protect Journalists and Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas, the chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives’ Foreign Affairs Committee, also called for the immediate release of Kurmasheva.

State Department spokesperson Matt Miller told reporters on Thursday, “This appears to be another case of the Russian government harassing U.S. citizens.”

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov denied that, telling reporters: “In Russia there is absolutely no campaign to persecute U.S. citizens. There are U.S. citizens who break the law and legal action is taken against them.”

The Kremlin also said it is “not following the case.”

Kurmasheva is the second U.S. journalist detained in Russia this year, after Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich was arrested on espionage charges in March.

Holly Richardson is the editor of Utah Policy.