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THE LORD DESIGNATED HOW AND WHEN CHURCH WAS TO BE ORGANIZED

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No meeting in this dispensation had been of greater importance than the one that convened April 6, 1830, in the log home of Peter Whitmer Sr., at Fayette N.Y. By the conclusion of that meeting the Lord's true Church, once again, had been established upon the earth.

In Joseph Smith and the Restoration - A History of the LDS Church to 1846, Ivan J. Barrett wrote: "Sometime before April 6, 1830, Joseph Smith received a revelation that gave information pertaining to the organization of the Church, the tenets to be taught by the Church, and the duties of its officers and members."The revelation also pointed out the precise day, according to the Lord's will and commandment, that His church should be organized again on the earth. (See section heading, D&C 20.) This revelation has since been called the Constitution of the Church. During the early days following the rise of the Church, this revelation and one given shortly thereafter (D&C 22) were called the Articles and Covenants of the Church. They were read at many meetings and conferences where the body of saints gathered until they were printed and bound with other revelations."

The law of New York required from three to nine trustees to transact the affairs of a new religious organization. Therefore, six men were selected to organize the Church: Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Samuel Smith, Hyrum Smith, David and Peter Whitmer Jr.

At that meeting Joseph Smith was called to be the first elder of the Church, and Oliver Cowdery, the second elder. (D&C 20:2-3.)

After the Church was organized, Church business was conducted at conferences of elders. It was at one of those conferences, held in Amherst, Ohio, on Jan. 25, 1832, that Joseph Smith was first ordained and sustained as president of the High Priesthood. (See heading, Section 75.)

Three months later, on April 26, 1832, Joseph Smith was again sustained as president of the High Priesthood, this time at a general council of the Church in Jackson County, Mo. (See heading, Section 82.)

In fulfillment of a revelation given March 8, 1833, the First Presidency was organized and sustained March 18, 1833, consisting of three high priests: Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon and Frederick G. Williams.

On Feb. 14, 1835, 12 men were called as apostles.

Even before the Church was organized, Joseph Smith knew 12 apostles and other officers were to be called. In June 1829, the Lord instructed him that Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer should seek out the Twelve, and their mission was defined. (Section 18.)