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Elvis Presley, yes; Marilyn Monroe, no. Albert Einstein, yes; Al Capone, no. Babe Ruth, yes; Magic Johnson, no.

Life Magazine unveiled its list Friday of the 100 Most Influential Americans of the 20th century, and those among the missing are as interesting as those who made it.No Madonna, no Magic, no Michael Jordan. No Clark Gable. No Greta Garbo. No Al Jolson.

Where have you gone, Joe DiMaggio? Not on this list. Not a single U.S. president - and there were 17 since 1900.

More than 60 historians and other experts were consulted by Life in making the list. Only three people received unanimous support, the magazine reported: the Wright Brothers and Henry Ford.

So who did make it?

Elvis, Albert and the Babe. Polio vaccine inventor Jonas Salk and infant care guru Dr. Benjamin Spock. The king of rock 'n' roll is joined by a half-dozen other musicians: Louis Armstrong, Irving Berlin, Leonard Bernstein, Bing Crosby, Bob Dylan and Richard Rodgers.

"It's a list of the most influential people of the past 100 years, not the famous," said Mary Steinbauer, editor of the special issue. "In making our selections we looked at how our lives would be different if each of our honorees didn't live."

Missing completely are the 17 presidents of the 20th century. "Every president is important to us - that's the nature of the job," said Steinbauer. One first lady made the list: Eleanor Roosevelt.

More than half of the list was born in the 19th century, and only 21 of the honorees are still living.

Marlon Brando was the lone actor to make the list; from the world of sports, Muhammad Ali, Billie Jean King, Jackie Robinson joined the Bambino.

Activists-advocates was second to the sciences in producing honorees. Thirteen of them were cited, including civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., Alcoholics Anonymous founder Bill W., and feminist Betty Friedan.

As a group, the 100 captured 11 Nobel Prizes, five Pulitzer Prizes and four Academy Awards. Twenty of them never graduated high school, including Walt Disney, William Faulkner, Jackson Pollock and Malcolm X.

Thirteen were born in a foreign country and later became U.S. citizens, such as choreographer George Balanchine (Russia) and scientist Wernher von Braun (Germany). New York was the state that produced the most honorees, 14, double that of runner-up Illinois.

The list also included Life's founder, Henry Luce. Life said the 100 were selected from a field of 636 people under consideration.


(Additional information)

And the honorees are . . .

NEW YORK (AP) - Here are the "100 Most Important Americans of the 20th Century" compiled by editors of Life Magazine and listed alphabetically:

Jane Addams (1860-1935) Social reformer

Muhammad Ali (1942- ) Prizefighter

Elizabeth Arden (1884?-1966) Businesswoman

Roone Arledge (1931- ) Broadcasting executive

Louis Armstrong (1900?-71) Jazz musician

George Balanchine (1904-83) Choreographer

John Bardeen (1908- ) Physicist

Irving Berlin (1888-1989) Songwriter

Edward L. Bernays (1891- ) Public Relations executive

Leonard Bernstein (1918- ) Conductor/composer

Marlon Brando (1924- ) Actor

Wernher von Braun (1912-77) Rocket engineer

Dale Carnegie (1888-1955) Author/educator

Wallace Carothers (1896-1937) Chemist/nylon inventor

Willis Carrier (1876-1950) Engineer/air conditioning inventor

Rachel Carson (1907-64) Environmentalist/author

Bing Crosby (1904-77) Singer/actor

Clarence Darrow (1857-1938) Lawyer

Eugene V. Debs (1855-1926) Labor organizer

Robert De Graff (1895?-1981) First paperback book publisher

John Dewey (1859-1952) Philosopher/educator

Walt Disney (1901-66) Cartoonist/film producer

W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963) NAACP founder

Allen Dulles (1893-1969) Founding CIA director

Bob Dylan (1941- ) Singer/songwriter

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Theoretical physicist

T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) Poet/critic

William Faulkner (1897-1962) Author

Abraham Flexner (1866-1959) Educator

Henry Ford (1863-1947) Automobile manufacturer

John Ford (1895-1973) Filmmaker

Betty Friedan (1921- ) Feminist author

Milton Friedman (1912- ) Economist

George Gallup (1901-84) Public opinion analyst

A.P. Giannini (1870-1949) Banker

Billy Graham (1918- ) Evangelist

Martha Graham (1894?- ) Dancer/choreographer

D.W. Griffith (1875-1948) Filmmaker

Joyce C. Hall (1891-1982) Businessman/greeting cards

Ernest Hemingway (1898-1961) Author

Oliver Wendell Holmes (1841-1935) Jurist

J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) FBI director

Robert Hutchins (1899-1977) Educator

Helen Keller (1880-1968) Activist author/lecturer

Jack Kerouac (1922-69) Author

Billie Jean King (1943- ) Tennis player

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-68) Civil rights activist

Alfred Kinsey (1894-1956) Sociologist/sex researcher

Willem Kolff (1911- ) Biomedical engineer

Ray Kroc (1902-84) McDonald's founder

Edwin Land (1909- ) Inventor, polarized lenses/camera

William Levitt (1907- ) Developer

John L. Lewis (1880-1969) Labor leader

Charles Lindbergh (1902-74) Aviator

Raymond Loewy (1893-1986) Industrial designer

Henry Luce (1898-1967) Editor/publisher

Douglas MacArthur (1889-1964) U.S. Army General

George C. Marshall (1880-1959) Soldier/diplomat

Louis B. Mayer (1885-1957) Motion picture producer

Claire McCardell (1905-58) Fashion designer

Joseph McCarthy (1908-57) U.S. Senator

Frank McNamara (1917-57) Inventor of the credit card

Margaret Mead (1901-78) Anthropologist

Karl Menninger (1893-1990) Psychiatrist

Charles E. Merrill (1885-1956) Stockbroker

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) Architect

Robert Moses (1888-1981) Municipal planner

William Mulholland (1855-1935) Civil engineer

Edward R. Murrow (1908-65) Journalist

Ralph Nader (1934- ) Consumer advocate

Rienhold Niebuhr (1892-1971) Theologian

John von Neumann (1903-57) Mathematician

Euguene O'Neill (1888-1953) Playwright

J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-67) Physicist

William Paley (1901- ) Broadcasting executive

Jackson Pollock (1912-56) Artist

Emily Post (1873-1960) Etiquette columnist

Elvis Presley (1935-77) Entertainer

Jackie Robinson (1919-72) Baseball player

John D. Rockefeller Jr. (1874-1960) Philanthropist

Richard Rodgers (1902-79) Composer

Will Rogers (1879-1935) Humorist author/actor

Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) Political figure/


Babe Ruth (1895-1948) Baseball player

Jonas Salk (1914- ) Polio vaccine microbiologist

Margaret Sanger (1883-1966) Leader of birth-control movement

Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (1875-1966) Industrialist

Benjamin Spock (1903- ) Pediatrician/educator

Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) Photographer

Roy Stryker (1893-1975) Deptartment of Agriculture official

Bill W. (1895-1971) Alcoholics Anonymous founder

Andy Warhol (1928-87) Artist

Earl Warren (1891-1974) Supreme Court Chief Justice

James D. Watson (1928- ) Biologist/DNA researcher

Thomas J. Watson Jr. (1914- ) Businessman

Tennesee Williams (1911-83) Playwright

Walter Winchell (1897-1972) Journalist

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) Architect

Orville Wright (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867-1912) Aviation pioneers

Malcolm X (1925-65) Civil rights activist