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Unforgettable moments in American history

The USS Arizona goes down in a plume of smoke following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941.
FILE - The USS Arizona goes down in a plume of smoke following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941.
Deseret News Archives

The U.S. has several unforgettable moments that caused course changes for us as a country and made each of us take a moment and reflect on life.

For those alive during each of these events, most will remember exactly where they were when they heard about the event.

Martin Luther King Jr. assassination

Martin Luther King Jr. Associated Press

Though the Civil Rights Act of 1964 alleviated many of the rights violations against African-Americans, in the eyes of King the fight was not yet done, and he spent his remaining four years speaking out on various subjects. Eventually the celebrated civil rights leader was gunned down on his motel room balcony.

Fall of the Berlin Wall

This Nov. 10, 1989 file photo shows a man atop the Berlin wall nearby the Brandenburger Tor (Brandenburg gate) in Germany as he chisels a piece of the wall that divided East and West Berlin.
FILE - This Nov. 10, 1989 file photo shows a man atop the Berlin wall nearby the Brandenburger Tor (Brandenburg gate) in Germany as he chisels a piece of the wall that divided East and West Berlin.
Associated Press

For the latter half of the 20th century, nuclear war loomed as the Cold War stayed in place from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union. But to many, one of the biggest signs of the end of the Cold War was the collapse of the Berlin Wall, a physical boundary between the East and the West.

The Imperial Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

An American ship sinks after being hit during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941.
File - An American ship sinks after being hit during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941.
Associated Press

”Dec. 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy.” — President Franklin Roosevelt.

On this day, forces of the Imperial Japanese navy attacked the home base of the U.S. Pacific fleet before a formal declaration of war was issued. The attack saw nearly 3,500 U.S. casualties along with a majority of the Pacific fleet and aircraft destroyed or damaged, and marked America’s entry into World War II.

V-E and V-J Day

Thousands jam Wall Street on May 7, 1945, to celebrate Germany’s surrender. The Allies accepted the following day, known as V-E Day.
FILE - Thousands jam Wall Street on May 7, 1945, to celebrate Germany’s surrender. The Allies accepted the following day, known as V-E Day.
Deseret Morning News archives

A sailor kissing a random woman in the streets of New York City. That about sums up the crazed sensation in the U.S. after Germany was defeated in Europe —Victory in Europe day, also known as V-E Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945.

Similarly, Japan surrendered in the Pacific on Aug. 15, 1945 (Victory over Japan day, also known as V-J Day) — which was announced in the U.S. on Aug. 14, 1945, due to time zone differences.

These days marked the end of the bloodiest conflict in world history and the start of America’s new life as a world super power.

The Trinity test

This July 16, 1945 photo, shows the mushroom cloud of the first atomic explosion at Trinity Test Site, New Mexico. Thursday, July 16, 2015 marks the 70th anniversary of the Trinity Test in southern New Mexico comes amid renewed interest in the Manhattan P
FILE - This July 16, 1945 photo, shows the mushroom cloud of the first atomic explosion at Trinity Test Site, New Mexico.
The Associated Press

Though not disclosed to the public, the July 16, 1945, date marking the first-ever nuclear weapon test green-lighted the dropping of two nuclear bombs on Japan. It also marked the dawn of an age in which humanity could be wiped out in a war between two nuclear-armed powers.

Sputnik and the start of the space race

Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite, was launched from Kazakhstan cosmodrome in 1957.
FILE - Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite, was launched from Kazakhstan cosmodrome in 1957.
Getty Images

On Oct. 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite, signaling the launch of the space race. The fact that the Soviets were the first to launch a satellite came as a shock to millions of Americans, who watched the little blip of light fly through the night sky.

March on Washington for jobs and freedom

The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. acknowledges the crowd for his “I Have a Dream” speech during the March on Washington in 1963.
FILE - The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. acknowledges the crowd for his “I Have a Dream” speech during the March on Washington in 1963.
Associated Press

The 1960s was the defining decade for civil rights, culminating with the march on Washington for jobs and freedom in which 200,000-300,000 civil rights supporters descended on the U.S. Capitol. The most memorable moment of the march was Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech.

JFK assassination

This is the car President John F. Kennedy was riding in when he was shot in Dallas in 1963.
FILE - This is the car President John F. Kennedy was riding in when he was shot in Dallas in 1963.
Deseret News Archives

John F. Kennedy’s assassination in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963, shook the nation and marked a grim time for Americans’ faith and trust in government as the turbulent 1960s got under way.

Man walks on the moon

Astronaut Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., the lunar module pilot, stands on the lunar surface after the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, 1969. The module is seen in the background. The first landing of a human being on the moon on July 20, 1969, will celebrate its
FILE - Astronaut Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., lunar module pilot, stands on the lunar surface after the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, 1969. The Lunar Module is seen in the background.
Associated Press

JFK predicted that U.S. astronauts would be on the moon in the 1960s, and America landed the first man on the moon on July 20, 1969.

Millions of Americans tuned in to watch footage of Neil Armstrong take the first step on the lunar landscape.

Nixon resigns amid Watergate scandal

FILE - In this March 15, 1973, file photo President Nixon tells a White House news conference that he will not allow his legal counsel, John Dean, to testify on Capitol Hill in the Watergate investigation and challenged the Senate to test him in the Supre
FILE - In this March 15, 1973, file photo President Nixon tells a White House news conference that he will not allow his legal counsel, John Dean, to testify on Capitol Hill in the Watergate investigation and challenged the Senate to test him in the Supreme Court. A feisty Nixon defended his shredded legacy and Watergate-era actions in grand jury testimony that he thought would never come out. On Thursday, Nov. 10, 2011, it did.
Charles Tasnadi, Associated Press

As if the assassination of JFK and the unpopular war in Vietnam weren’t enough, American confidence in government was further shaken when the once popular Richard Nixon resigned rather than be impeached for his role in the Watergate scandal. Nearly every government scandal involving presidents after this has had the word “gate” put on the end.

The Iranian hostage crisis

In this Nov. 13, 1979 photo, Iranians pray and gather in front of the American Embassy in Tehran, Iran, where Islamic revolutionary students had been holding 60 American employees hostage since Nov. 4, 1979. Former Iranian hostages had varied reactions to
FILE - In this Nov. 13, 1979 photo, Iranians pray and gather in front of the American Embassy in Tehran, Iran, where Islamic revolutionary students had been holding 60 American employees hostage since Nov. 4, 1979.
Associated Press

The Iranian hostage crisis had a profound impact on America and essentially ended a president’s hopes of re-election. It set the stage for three decades of hostility between the U.S. and Iran after an Iranian mob stormed the American Embassy in Tehran. For 444 days, 52 hostages were held by the Iranians, and a rescue attempt resulted in eight American deaths. The event received widespread coverage in the U.S. and was marked by a surge of patriotism.

The Challenger disaster

The Space Shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after lifting off from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., Tuesday, Jan. 28, 1986. All seven crew members died in the explosion, which was blamed on faulty o-rings in the shuttle’s booster rockets.
FILE - The Space Shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after lifting off from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., Tuesday, Jan. 28, 1986. All seven crew members died in the explosion, which was blamed on faulty o-rings in the shuttle’s booster rockets.
Bruce Weaver, Associated Press

On an unusually chilly morning on Jan. 28, 1986, the space shuttle Challenger experienced a faulty O-ring mid-launch, leading to destruction of the shuttle, and the death of the seven astronauts on board.

Caught on film, the tragedy shocked the nation. President Ronald Reagan canceled the State of the Union address that night in order to address the tragedy instead.

Nineteen years later, the space shuttle Columbia would implode during re-entry, causing a similar shock to the nation.

Sept. 11, 2001

FILE - In this Sept. 11, 2001, file photo, the twin towers of the World Trade Center burn behind the Empire State Building in New York. The twin towers stood as New York’s tallest from 1972 until the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, when two planes cr
FILE - In this Sept. 11, 2001, file photo, the twin towers of the World Trade Center burn behind the Empire State Building in New York. The twin towers stood as New York’s tallest from 1972 until the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, when two planes crashed into the World Trade Center causing the twin 110-story towers to collapse, making the Empire State Building the tallest once again.
Marty Lederhandler, Associated Press

After the Cold War ended, America generally seemed at peace. But on that September morning, terrorists crashed jets into the World Trade Center towers in New York City, the Pentagon and a field in Pennsylvania. About 3,000 Americans were killed in the attacks and many more injured in a morning that shocked and haunted the nation.