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Here’s how the COVID-19 vaccine is performing in real life

The Centers for Disease Control recently released new data about how the COVID-19 vaccine is working in real life

Several syringes containing COVID-19 vaccines await willing patients.
Syringes containing doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine await patients at a vaccination site run by the Utah County Health Department in Spanish Fork on Thursday, March 25, 2021. The Centers for Disease Control recently released new data about how the COVID-19 vaccine is working in real life.
Spenser Heaps, Deseret News

Is the novel coronavirus vaccine working in real life? It appears so, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

COVID-19 vaccine in the real world

The CDC released new data that looked at how well the coronavirus vaccine is performing in the real world, according to CNN. Here’s a breakdown of what the CDC found when reviewing data of nearly 77 million people who have been fully vaccinated against the coronavirus.

  • About 5,800 vaccinated people became infected with COVID-19.
  • The report said 396 (or about 7%) fully vaccinated people required hospitalization.
  • “Some” people became seriously ill from COVID-19 infection, according to CNN.
  • The CDC said 74 people died from the infection. Based on the 77 million vaccinated number, that means 0.00000096% of people died.
  • Based on the data, the CDC puts the chances of post-vaccination infection at 1 in 11,000.

Real-world vs. trial data

For the most part, these numbers match what the clinical trials showed. Pfizer said its trial data showed the vaccine to be 95% effective against the novel coronavirus, and Moderna said its vaccine was 94% effective in stopping the virus. More recently, Pfizer said real-world data showed its vaccine was closer to 91% effective and Moderna said its two-dose vaccine was 90% effective.

Johnson & Johnson — whose vaccine has has been put on pause due to reports of blood clots — said its vaccine was 72% effective in stopping COVID-19 in the U.S. It’s unclear what the real-world data shows about that vaccine.

Vaccine breakthroughs expected

Experts recently said people getting COVID-19 after full vaccination — which is described as a “vaccine breakthrough” — is fully expected, according to NPR. The vaccines don’t promise 100% effectiveness. So it’s possible someone would be infected after the vaccine, though they may not become as ill.