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Israel and Palestine: What happens after a war?

A ceasefire was reached, but what happens now?

Palestinians walk next to the rubble of a building destroyed by an airstrike during an 11-day war between Gaza’s Hamas rulers and Israel, in Gaza City, Thursday, June 10, 2021.
Palestinians walk next to the rubble of a building destroyed by an airstrike during an 11-day war between Gaza’s Hamas rulers and Israel, in Gaza City, Thursday, June 10, 2021.
Associated Press

After an 11-day violent war along the Gaza Strip, Israel and Hamas reached a ceasefire agreement on May 21, the Deseret News reported. The ceasefire has held, but Israel and Palestine have not reached a formal truce.

Here’s what’s happening in Israel and Gaza after the deadliest war in years.

The challenge of rebuilding in Gaza

Gaza faces immense challenges in the recovery process. Both Egypt and Israel have imposed land and sea blockades on the region, tightly controlling all imports and exports, the BBC reported.

  • Key construction materials like iron, pipes and concrete are considered “dual-use” goods, or goods that have a military and civilian purpose, according to the BBC. Imports of “dual-use” goods remain very heavily controlled.
  • Egypt, which brokered the current ceasefire, has taken the lead role as mediator in aid delivery efforts, per The Los Angeles Times.

About 69% of Palestinians in Gaza remain unemployed and 70% of Palestinians struggle with food insecurity and require assistance, The Los Angeles Times reported.

Reconstruction will be a slow and complicated process, the BBC said.

Israel’s political turmoil and the removal of Prime Minister Netanyahu

Before the fighting in May, leaders of Israel’s opposition parties were working to remove Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from office. The prime minister lost a parliamentary vote of confidence earlier in the year, the Deseret News reported.

  • A coalition of opposition parties formed a new government on June 2. The coalition needs to pass a parliamentary vote of confidence before being officially sworn into office, the Deseret News reported.
  • The vote of confidence is scheduled for Sunday, June 13, the AP reported.

The incoming government will be led by Naftali Bennett and Yair Lapid, per Axios. Bennett will be sworn in as prime minister on Monday if the coalition passes Sunday’s vote.

Many fear political violence will erupt. Supporters of Netanyahu have protested outside the homes of parliamentary members. Some members have even received death threats, Axios reported.

  • Netanyahu’s party says that the transition of power will occur peacefully, but Netanyahu has already pledged to bring down the opposition government, per Axios.
  • Some have compared Netanyahu to former U.S. President Donald Trump — a comparison that Netanyahu rejects, Axios reported.

Tensions are expected to remain “volatile” for months, the AP said.

Arrests across Israel for May’s communal violence

Thursday, Israeli police finished operation “Law and Order” aimed to respond to May’s communal violence among Arab and Jewish citizens in Israel, The Washington Post reported.

  • Police arrested more than 2,100 people in connection to the riots and have issued indictments against 184 people arrested.
  • More than 91% of those arrested were Arab citizens, per The Washington Post.

Arab citizens have accused the police’s response as unequal and neglectful of the violence committed by Jewish Israelis. The police have rejected these accusations.