- The new reptile — official name Kongonaphon kely — was a noted “tiny bug slayer” that lived in what is now Madagascar, according to the researchers, who published their findings in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
- Researchers — including some from the American Museum of Natural History — discovered the fossil in 1998.
Why it matters:
- The study’s lead author, Christian Kammerer, in a statement: “There’s a general perception of dinosaurs as being giants. But this new animal is very close to the divergence of dinosaurs and pterosaurs, and it’s shockingly small.”
What to know:
- The Kongonaphon kelylikely ate insects.
- The thigh bones revealed the 4-inch stature was the creature’s full height.
- Researcher John Flynn said: “This fossil site in southwestern Madagascar from a poorly known time interval globally has produced some amazing fossils, and this tiny specimen was jumbled in among the hundreds we’ve collected from the site over the years.”
- “It took some time before we could focus on these bones, but once we did, it was clear we had something unique and worth a closer look. This is a great case for why field discoveries — combined with modern technology to analyze the fossils recovered — is still so important.”
The bigger picture:
- According to BBC, dinosaurs and pterosaurs came from the group called ornithodira. But the origins of that group are unknown. This new creature may have been a part of the root of the group.
- Scientists previously thought the ancestors were big, like dinosaurs. The fact that they’re small shows scientists the origins might different than we think, according to BBC News.